Abstract

Interaction of ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with radiation therapy in two different colorectal cancer cell lines


Author: F Cai, et al
Source: Clinial Nutrition
Publication Date: 4/1/2013

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Abstract

Background & aims This study aims at evaluating if docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) increases the efficacy of radiation therapy (RT) on two human colorectal cancer cell lines with different radio-sensitivity. Methods LS174T and HT-29 cells were treated with 20 or 50 ┬Ámol/L EPA or DHA followed by single X-ray RT of 0, 2 or 4 Gy, to evaluate cell survival, apoptosis, peroxide and malondialdehyde productions. Inflammation- and apoptosis-related proteins were analyzed by Western Blot. ANOVAs were used for statistical analysis. Results LS174T was more sensitive to RT than HT-29. DHA and to a lesser extent EPA increased cell death, apoptosis and peroxide production after RT in LS174T and to a lesser extent in HT-29 (p < 0.05). This was associated with increased expression of heat shock protein 70, decreased expression of NF-kB p65, COX-2 and Bcl-2 proteins. Conclusions The effect of RT combination with DHA and to a lesser extent EPA was synergistic in the radio-sensitive LS174T cells, but additive in the radio-resistant HT-29 cells. This enhanced cytotoxicity was provoked at least partly by lipid peroxidation, which consequently modulated inflammatory response and induced apoptosis.